Tuesday, August 25, 2020
Shylock is Ã¢â¬Å"The Merchant of VeniceÃ¢â¬ In William ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"The Merchant of Venice,Ã¢â¬ there are numerous subjects, images and words the same which take on an unpredictable and double nature. Not exclusively can lines in the play be deciphered by the crowd in numerous manners, they are intended to have different implications. This duality can be found in the characters too. Shylock is depicted as both a casualty and a scoundrel and our feeling of him advances as his character is uncovered to us as Ã¢â¬Å"The Merchant of Venice. We are first acquainted with Shylock in Act I Scene III when we find out about his activity as a moneylender. During this timeframe, Jewish individuals were constrained in the occupations they could acquire; they were looked downward on by, and on the edge of, society. While the Christians could loan cash, it was unethical and against chapel rule for them to charge any kind of premium, it was usurious. Be that as it may, there wa s nothing to restrict Jewish moneylenders from getting by charging premium. They did as such to endure and were scorned for such a Ã¢â¬Å"immoral and disgracefulÃ¢â¬ practice. Bassanio goes to Shylock for an advance to be given in Antonio's name. Upon AntonioÃ¢â¬â¢s entering, Shylock shows his hatred for Antonio in an aside, Ã¢â¬Å"How like a groveling publican he looks! /I despise him for he is Christian,/yet more for that in low straightforwardness/he loans out cash gratisÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (1. 1. 41-45). His disdain is double in nature; Antonio loans cash without enthusiasm compromising the presence of his activity as a moneylender. Likewise, Antonio is partial against the Jews and has embarrassed and offended Shylock openly for the two his loaning practices and his religion. This is uncovered when Shylock asks Antonio for what good reason he ought to loan cash to somebody who has, Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦rated me/About my funds and my usuancesÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (1. 3. 117-118) Ã¢â¬Å"You call me skeptic, merciless pooch/And spet upon my Jewish GaberdineÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (1. 3. 121-122). Shylock couldn't fight back the partiality, and needed to endure the maltreatment, Ã¢â¬Å"Still have I borne it with a patient shrug/for toleration is the identification of all our tribeÃ¢â¬ (1. 3. 119-120). This depicts Shylock as an individual who is deceived and powerless against the bias and prejudice present in that society. Antonio asks that Shylock see the credit not as a loaning of cash to a companion, yet Ã¢â¬Å"rather to thine adversary,/Who, on the off chance that he break, thou mayst with better face/Exact the penaltyÃ¢â¬ (1. 3. 145-146). Shylock is currently given control over the destiny of the credit, BassanioÃ¢â¬â¢s wanted quest for Portia and the decision of bond for the advance. It is an opportunity for ShylockÃ¢â¬â¢s to look for requital from Antonio by and by, yet for a bigger scope Christian culture in general. To additionally propel his position, he addresses Antonio as a companion, Ã¢â¬Å"I would be companions with you, and have your affection,/Forget the disgraces that you have recolored me withÃ¢â¬ (1. . 149-150). ShylockÃ¢â¬â¢s skeptically conditioned difference in heart toward Antonio makes it understood his pretended kinship may, most likely, be persuaded by ulterior interests. Now, there is a generous move in the character of Shylock from being that of a casualty to th at of a miscreant. Shylock isn't keen on getting unimportant enthusiasm on target he loans, he needs a reclamation and retribution for himself and his kin which no measure of cash will fulfill for him. The childish, eager, usurous Jew many need to describe Shylock as is done being guided by a money related signal. He is currently apparently overwhelmed by a brutal bleak want for vengeance. He has gotten energetically clever, malignant and vindictive, Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦let the relinquish/Be designated for an equivalent pound/Of your reasonable tissue, [possibly instead of his somewhat darker Jewish flesh] to be cut off and taken/In what part of your body pleaseth meÃ¢â¬ (1. 3. 160-163). He uncovers the profundities of his discontent and his longing for retribution when he says, Ã¢â¬Å"I will have the core of him on the off chance that he forfeitÃ¢â¬ (3. 2. 125-126). It isn't some time before Shylock gets news from Tubal that some of AntonioÃ¢â¬â¢s armada has happened upon incident and he must choose the option to break his bond. Shylock pronounces, Ã¢â¬Å"I am happy of it. I'll torment him, I'll/torment him, I am happy of itÃ¢â¬ (3. 1. 115-116). The capture of Antonio for inability to opportune compensation his bond sets what is legitimately owed to and purchased and paid for by Shylock. There is no uncertainty that Shylock has each expectation of gathering this ridiculous bond, his over the top disdain for Antonio gets obvious, Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢ll have my bond. Talk not against my bond. I have made a solemn vow that I will have my bondÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (3. 3. 5-6). Shylock has changed from segregated quelled Jew to detested cash loan specialist to lethal vindictive miscreant. During the preliminary scene, Shylock plainly appreciates the expected bond which is because of him, he whets his blade on his shoe in the court so he can, Ã¢â¬Å"cut the relinquishment from [Antonio]Ã¢â¬ (4. 1. 124). Shylock is steadfast in his craving. The pound of tissue is worth more to him than multiple times the measure of ducats owed. All the more in this way, he dismisses any intrigue to the perfect authorization of ercy, and accepts to have his bond is legitimately and ethically Ã¢â¬Å"right. Ã¢â¬ Shylock asks the Duke, Ã¢â¬Å"What judgment will I fear, doing no off-base? Ã¢â¬ (4. 1. 90) and states, Ã¢â¬Å"I want the lawÃ¢â¬ (4. 1. 213). Despite the fact that he is lawfully entitled, Portia attempts to speak to his ethical commitment to show kindness. He isn't moved by this, and prepares to gather his bond. Now, the law is turned on Shylock. Portia reveals to Shylock he may have his bond, yet that, Ã¢â¬Å"This bond doth give thee here no scribble of bloodÃ¢â¬ ¦if thou dost shed/One drop of Christian blood, thy grounds and products/Are by the laws of Venice confiscateÃ¢â¬ (4. . 319-324). Shylock, understanding his ideal pound of tissue won't be his bond, consents to acknowledge the installment of the ducats. To this, Portia answers, Ã¢â¬Å"The Jew will have all equity. Delicate, no flurry! /He will have only the punishment. Ã¢â¬ Further, Portia proclaims, Ã¢â¬Å"It is ordered in the laws of Venice,/If it be demonstrated against an outsider/That by immediate or aberrant endeavors/He looks for the life of any citizenÃ¢â¬ ¦the offenderÃ¢â¬â¢s life lies in the kindness of the Duke. Ã¢â¬ Shylock is compelled to his knees to ask the Duke for Mercy. He is once more, the Ã¢â¬Å"Jew hound. Ã¢â¬ His life as it is a physical presence was saved. Shylock, would pick demise over the benevolence appeared to him by the Duke and Antonio, he asks the court to, Ã¢â¬Å"Take my life and allÃ¢â¬ (4. 1. 389). In giving him to keep half of his products, Antonio takes his personality, his religion, his essence. Antonio looks for that Shylock, Ã¢â¬Å"presently become a Christian;/The other, that he do record a blessing,/Here in the court, of all he bites the dust had/Unto his child Lorenzo and his daughterÃ¢â¬ (4. . 403-406). Life and Christianity have vanquished Shylock, they have taken his little girl and given him a Christian child to which he will undoubtedly leave all that he possesses. Shylock has been deprived of any force he may have once, assuming transitorily, had. He has been separated and deprived of his Ã¢â¬Å"mercilessÃ¢â¬ religion. He is not, at this point wretched, he is abandoned. Shylock developed and changed as a cha racter, before us as a group of people similarly as our emotions, recognitions and feelings toward him.
Saturday, August 22, 2020
My Last Farewell (Mi Ultimo Adios) Goodbye, dear mother country, clime the sun caressÃ¢â¬â¢d, Ring of the Orient oceans, our Eden lost! Happily now I go to give thee this blurred lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s best, Furthermore, were it more splendid, fresher, or progressively fortunate, Still would I give three, not consider the consequences. On the field of fight, Ã¢â¬Ëmid the craze of battle, Others have given their lives, without question or beed; The spot not mattersÃ¢â¬cypress or tree or lily white, Scafold or open plain, battle or martyrdomÃ¢â¬â¢s situation, Ã¢â¬ËTis ever the equivalent, to serve our home and countryÃ¢â¬â¢s need. I bite the dust exactly when I see the day break In spite of the fact that the anguish of night, to proclaim the day; Also, if shading is deficient with regards to my blood thy shalt take, PourÃ¢â¬â¢d out at requirement for they dear purpose, To color with its dark red the waking beam. My fantasies, when life originally opened to me, My fantasies when the expectations of youth beat high, Were to see thy lovÃ¢â¬â¢d face, O jewel of the Orient ocean, From misery and distress, from care and distress free; No redden on thy forehead, no tear in thine eyes. Dream of my life, my living and passionate longing, All hail! Emergency the spirit that is currently to take battle; All hail! Also, sweet it is for thee to terminate; To bite the dust for thy purpose, that thou mayÃ¢â¬â¢st aim; What's more, rest in thy bloom eternityÃ¢â¬â¢s taxing night. In the event that over my grave some time or another thou seest develop, In the green turf, an unassuming blossom, Attract to thy lips and kiss my spirit along these lines, While I feel in my forehead vulnerable tomb underneath The extreme of thy delicacy, thy breathÃ¢â¬â¢s warm force. Let the moon pillar over me delicate and tranquil, Let the day break shed over me its brilliant flashes, Let the breeze dismal mourn over me sharp; Furthermore, if on my cross a winged animal ought to be seen, Let it thrill there is psalm of harmony to my hurts. Let the sun attract vapos up to the sky, What's more, heavenward in immaculateness bear my late dissent; Let some caring soul oÃ¢â¬â¢er my inopportune destiny murmur, Furthermore, in the as yet evening a supplication be lifted on high From that point, O my nation, that in God I may rest. Appeal to God for every one of those that hapless have passed on, For all who have endured the unmeasrÃ¢â¬â¢d torment; For our moms that harshly their hardships have cried; For widows and vagrants, for prisoners by torment attempted; And afterward for thyself that recovery thou mayst gain. Furthermore, when the dull night folds the burial ground over, With just the dead in their vigil to see; Break not my rest of thy riddle significant, What's more, perchance thou mayst bear a pitiful psalm resonate; Ã¢â¬ËTis I, O my nation, bringing up a melody unto thee. When even my elegance is recalled no more, UnmarkÃ¢â¬â¢d by never a cross not a stone; Let the furrow move through it, the spade turn it oÃ¢â¬â¢er, That my remains may cover thy natural floor, Before into nothingness finally they are blown. At that point will blankness present to me no mind, As over thy ridges and fields I clear; Pulsating and purged in thy space and air, With shading and light, with melody and regret I passage, Ever rehashing the confidence I keep. My homeland adorÃ¢â¬â¢d, that bitterness to my distress loans, Dearest Filipino, hear now my last farewell! I give thee all; guardians and related companions; For I go where no slave before the oppressor twists, Where confidence can never murder, and God rules eÃ¢â¬â¢er on high! Goodbye to all, from my spirit torn away, Companions of my adolescence in the home confiscated! Express gratefulness that I rest from the wearisome day! Goodbye to thee, as well, sweet companion that helped my direction; Dearest animals all, goodbye! In death there is rest!
Saturday, August 8, 2020
How Depression Is Diagnosed Depression Diagnosis Print How Depression Is Diagnosed By Nancy Schimelpfening Nancy Schimelpfening, MS is the administrator for the non-profit depression support group Depression Sanctuary. Nancy has a lifetime of experience with depression, experiencing firsthand how devastating this illness can be. Learn about our editorial policy Nancy Schimelpfening Medically reviewed by Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD on February 12, 2016 Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital. Learn about our Medical Review Board Steven Gans, MD Updated on February 08, 2020 Depression Overview Types Symptoms Causes & Risk Factors Diagnosis Treatment Coping ADA & Your Rights Depression in Kids Jose Luis Pelaez Inc/ Blend Images / Getty Images In This Article Table of Contents Expand Self-Checks/At-Home Testing Tests and Scales Diagnosing Depression Diagnostic Changes How It All Fits Together View All The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is a handbook that provides guidelines for clinicians who diagnose psychiatric illnesses. Each condition is categorized and given a clear set of criteria that must be met for a diagnosis to be made. The latest edition, commonly known as the DSM-5, was released by the American Psychiatric Association on May 18, 2013. It replaced the DSM-IV, which had been in use since 1994. As is the case with each new edition of the DSM, there were some changes made to the diagnostic criteria for certain disorders from the DSM-IV to DSM-5, including depression. Some disorders have been removed, while others have been modified or added. The following is a look at how depression is diagnosed including an overview of the changes that came with the DSM-5 and what those changes mean for healthcare providers and patients. Verywell / JR Bee Self-Checks/At-Home Testing If you are concerned that you may be experiencing symptoms of depression, its essential that you reach out to a medical or mental health professional. While there are online resources, screenings, and quizzes, they do not always come from reliable sources and cannot definitively diagnose any medical or mental health condition.?? However, you may find it helpful to use an online quiz or screening tool to assess your symptoms and organize them to take to your doctor or therapist. Having this information on hand can help you broach the topic of depression. How to Talk to Your Doctor About Depression The online questionnaires will ask you about your life and your feelings. Often, they take the form of a checklist with many Yes or No questions that you check off if they apply to you. For example, you may be asked to check a box if the following questions are true for you: I feel hopeless, sad, and guilty.I have trouble falling and staying asleep.I have been eating more or less than usual and have noticed changes in my weight. While there is an abundance of self-tests for depression on the internet, they dont all come from reputable sources. You will not be able to self-diagnose a medical or mental health condition with a quiz or checklist, but these online tools can help you initiate a conversation with your doctor or therapist. Some questionnaires will ask you to rate your responses to a statement on a numerical scale. At one end, a 0 might indicate that a statement does not apply to you at all, and at the other end, a 10 might indicate that the statement applies to you all the time. For example, you might be asked to rate how much you identify with the following statements by selecting a number from 0 to 10, where 0 means Never and 10 means Always. I have trouble focusing or concentrating. I spend time with people that I care about.I have felt like the people in my life would be better off without me. Screening tools may also ask personal questions about your habits and lifestyle, such as whether you are married, go to work or school, or use substances. A medical or mental health professional will also ask you these types of questions to help rule out specific causes for depression, such as the loss of a spouse or job or the use of alcohol or drugs. What to Do If You Think Youre Depressed Tests and Scales Medical and mental health professionals use established, research-backed guidelines, screening tools, checklists, and other criteria to help them make a diagnosis of depression.?? A provider can use these tools to guide them through observing and talking to a person who might be experiencing symptoms of depression. For example, taking note of whether a person is showered and appropriately dressed, the tone and speed of their speech, and other aspects of their appearance and demeanor can provide clues. Asking direct questions about a persons day-to-day life and their feelings can also provide valuable insight into the cause of a persons depressive symptoms. In some cases, a person may have symptoms of depression but not have a major depressive disorderâ"for example, if they are grieving the loss of a loved one. Providers also use these guidelines to go through a list of other possible causes for a persons symptoms that might be easily overlooked. Certain medical conditions and medications can cause symptoms of depression that will generally improve once the underlying cause is addressed. In these cases, the guidelines may suggest that a provider refers the person to a colleague for additional testing or examinations. For example, if a doctor thinks a persons symptoms could be stemming from a brain lesion, they may want them to see a neurologist or have an MRI scan. Can Depression Be Detected With a Blood Test? A person who is using alcohol or illicit drugs may have depressive symptoms that are related to their substance use. In this case, a screening tool may alert a doctor to test their blood or urine for certain drugs or refer them to an addiction treatment center. Changes in the DSM-5 While the DSM-5 doesnt introduce any new diagnostic tests for depression, it does promote a new âintegratedâ approach for clinicians to diagnose mental health disorders.?? Clinicians who were used to using the older methods for diagnosing depression didnt have to completely change how they approached the process with the DSM-5, as the new integrated approach is compatible with previous assessment tools. Common Depression Tests and Scales Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9)Adolescent PHQ-9Beck Depression InventoryMajor Depression Inventory Rome Depression InventoryChildrenâs Depression Inventory Zung Self-Rating Depression ScaleHamilton Rating Scale for DepressionCenter for Epidemiological Studies DepressionGeriatric Depression Scale New Tools for Assessing Suicide Risk The DSM-5 does include new scales for assessing suicide risk: one for adults and one for adolescents.?? These scales are intended to help clinicians identify suicide risk in patients as they are developing treatment plans. The tools are included in the new Section III of the DSM-5 and are intended to better support clinicians in identifying risk factors for suicide as well as scales for assessing suicidal behaviors (which includes differentiating self-harm from suicide attempts).?? Suicide Warning Signs and Risk Factors Diagnosing Depression Instead of thinking about depression as being either present or absent (abnormal or normal), the new approach outlined in the DSM-5 considers the symptoms of mental health disorders as existing on a continuum. The severity of a personâs depression will depend on where their symptoms fall along the spectrum.?? Using an integrated approach to diagnosing depression allows clinicians to recognize and attend to the different ways in which each person they treat will experience depression. Prior editions of the DSM outlined narrower approaches. The view could be problematic for doctors working with patients who did not necessarily fit into a specific diagnostic category or âbox, and therefore may not respond well to standard treatments. DSM-5 Diagnostic Criteria To be diagnosed with major depression, a persons symptoms must fit the criteria outlined in the DSM-5.?? Feelings of sadness, low mood, and loss of interest in their usual activities must mark a change from a persons previous level of functioning and have persisted for at least two weeks. These feelings must also be accompanied by at least five other common symptoms of depression, including: Change in appetite, losing or gaining weightSleeping too much or not sleeping well (insomnia)Fatigue and low energy most daysFeeling worthless, guilty, and hopelessAn inability to focus and concentrate that may interfere with daily tasks at home, work, or schoolMovements that are unusually slow or agitated (a change which is often noticeable to others)Thinking about death and dying; suicidal ideation or suicide attempts These symptoms must cause the individual clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning. The symptoms must not be a result of substance abuse or another medical condition. Doctors must rule out other mental health conditions that can have a depression component but are not strictly a major depressive disorder (e.g., bipolar disorder and schizoaffective disorder). To be diagnosed with major depression, a person must not have had a manic or hypomanic episode, which typically occurs in bipolar disorder. Bipolar Disorder May Be Misdiagnosed as Depression Finally, to be diagnosed with major depression, a medical professional must determine that the persons symptoms dont have another cause, such as a medical condition, a side effect from a medication, or related to the use of illicit substances. No significant changes were made to the diagnostic criteria for major depressive disorder with the introduction of the DSM-5. The core symptoms, as well as the requirement for the symptoms to have lasted for at least two weeks, remain the same from previous editions. The DSM-5 reminds clinicians to assess patients with depression for symptoms of mania and hypomania. The presence of these symptoms may indicate the new specifier for depression, âwith mixed features,â should be added. Diagnostic Changes From DSM-IV to DSM-5 In addition to the diagnostic criteria for major depressive disorder, the changes published in the DSM-5 included the addition of new depressive mood disorders and specifiers. New Mood Disorders Added One major area of change in the DSM-5 was the addition of two new depressive disorders: disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD) and premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD).?? The diagnosis of DMDD is reserved for children between the ages of 6 and 18 who demonstrate persistent irritability and frequent episodes of out-of-control behavior. The diagnosis was added to address concerns that bipolar disorder in children was being overdiagnosed.?? PMDD is a more severe form of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). The conditions are characterized by intense depression, anxiety, moodiness, and irritability related to the hormonal fluctuations throughout the menstrual cycle. PMDD previously appeared in Appendix B of the DSM-IV under Criteria Sets and Axes Provided for Further Study. In the DSM-5, PMDD appears in the depressive disorders section. Dysthymia Removed Another change addresses the way chronic depression is conceptualized and distinguished from episodic depression. Dysthymia (or dysthymic disorder) is now included under the umbrella of persistent depressive disorder (PDD). Persistent depressive disorder also includes chronic major depression, which was added because researchers did not find a significant difference between dysthymia and chronic major depression.?? New Specifiers for Depression The DSM-5 added new specifiers to further clarify depression diagnoses when applicable: with mixed features and with anxious distress.?? With mixed features: This new specifier allows for the presence of manic symptoms within a diagnosis of depression for patients who do not meet the full criteria for a hypomanic or manic episode (as in bipolar disorder).With anxious distress: This specifier was added to account for the presence of anxiety with the potential to impact prognosis and treatment choices. What Is Depression With Mixed Features? Bereavement Exclusion Removed The DSM-5 removed what was known as the bereavement exclusion for major depressive episodes.?? In the past, depression symptoms lasting less than two months following the death of a loved one would have been classified as a major depressive episode. The new edition of the DSM acknowledges that there is no scientifically valid reason for treating the grieving process any differently from other stressors that can trigger a depressive episode.??? Additionally, it acknowledges that symptoms of bereavement may last much longer than two months. In fact, losing a loved one can lead to depressive symptoms that last for years. The new edition includes a detailed footnote to help clinicians distinguish between normal grief and a major depressive episode which can help them decide whether an individual would benefit from a specific treatment. A major depressive episode triggered by bereavement may respond to the same treatment used for other forms of depression, including medication, therapy, or a combination of the two interventions. Grief vs. Depression How It All Fits Together Getting a diagnosis of depression is a multi-step process that often begins when someone notices they do not feel quite like themselves. In some cases, a persons friends and family may notice the subtle signs of depression first and encourage them to seek treatment. While its vital to work with a qualified medical and mental health professionals who can diagnose and treat depression, you might find it helpful to use patient-friendly online screening tools or quizzes to help assess your symptoms. Having this information on hand when you go to your doctor might make it easier to talk about how youre feeling. Difference Between Provisional and Differential Diagnoses Clinicians also use screening tools, questionnaires, and other tests to assess someone for depression. Many of these scales and checklists are similar, if not the same, as those patients can access online. Whats important to remember is that doctors and mental health professionals are specially trained to administer and interpret the results. After evaluating someones symptoms and comparing them to the diagnostic criteria for major depression laid out by the DSM-5, a provider might decide a person needs additional testing to rule out other possible causes for their symptoms (such as a medical condition or use of certain medications or substances). Establishing an accurate cause for a persons symptoms of depression is essential to ensuring that they receive the right treatment. While many conditions and lifestyle factors can cause a person to feel depressed, these causes may not respond to the same treatments. The updated DSM-5 introduced several subtle, but important, changes to the way doctors, mental health providers, and researchers approach depression. The updates were intended to help healthcare professionals make more timely and accurate diagnoses of depression, as well as inform their decisions about treatment. The shift toward patient-centered approaches in health care, but especially mental health care, will also influence how the diagnostic process feels for patients. Ideally, the updates to the DSM-5 that support doctors and mental health professionals with diagnosis and treatment will have a positive impact on patient experience. Overall, these changes reflect the desire to improve outcomes for people with mental health disorders. A person needs a timely and accurate diagnosis, support, and access resources and treatment to manage depression effectively. Do You Know About All the Treatment Options for Depression?
Saturday, May 23, 2020
Hamlets Madness Is Hamlet Mad? Not Likely. Madness is a condition of the mind which eliminates all rational thought leaving an individual with no proper conception of what is happening around him/her. Madness typically occurs in the minds of individuals that have experienced an event or series of events that their mind simply cannot cope with and, thus, to avoid their harsh reality, they fall into a state of madness. In William ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s masterpiece Hamlet, there is much debate around the protagonist, Hamlet, and whether or not his madness in the play was real or feigned. It was a disastrous time in the prince, HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s life as his father had just passed away, his uncle then took the kingship and wed HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s mother, then theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦His feigned madness permitted Hamlet to express these emotions freely towards Ophelia: Ã¢â¬Å"...Get thee to a nunnery, / farewell. Or if thou wilt needs marry, marry a / fool; for wise men know well enough what monsters / you make of them...Ã¢â¬ (3.1.138-41). It was also important for Hamlet to be so vulgar towards Ophelia because it would not have been possible for him to continue being a caring loving boyfriend while attempting to avenge his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s death. Lastly, by pretending to be mentally disturbed, it provided Hamlet with an excuse for any sinful deeds he would commit on his pursuit of revenge. Hamlet exemplifies this conception as he seeks for Laertes forgiveness for murdering his father Polonius: Ã¢â¬Å"If Hamlet from himself be taÃ¢â¬â¢en away, / And when heÃ¢â¬â¢s not himself does wrong Laertes, / Then Hamlet does it not, Hamlet denies it. / Who does it then? His madness...Ã¢â¬ (5.2.230-33). HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s pursuit of the truth and revenge was much better accompanied by madness rather than sanity which gave Hamlet a clear motive to fabricate insanity in the play. In the midst of HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s supposed madness, the prince continues to speak rationally with certain indiv iduals as well as maintain sensible and logical thoughts. This idea is depicted through his conversations with his good friend Horatio who is assisting Hamlet in his search for the truth behind Old HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s death. For example, before theShow MoreRelatedHamletÃ¢â¬â¢s Madness1895 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages The tragedy of Hamlet by William Shakespeare is about Hamlet going insane and reveals his madness through his actions and dialogue. Hamlet remains one of the most discussed literary characters of all time. This is most likely due to the complex nature of Hamlet as a character. In one scene, Hamlet appears happy, and then he is angry in another and melancholy in the next. HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s madness is a result of his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s death which was supposedly by the hands of his uncle, Claudius. He has also discoveredRead MoreHamlets Madness Essay1147 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesplay Hamlet parallels this quote as it portrays his character caught in a mental battle as a result of his mad ness. When left alone to his thoughts, Hamlet contemplates decisions to the point of obsession, leading him into isolation. He can no longer distinguish fantasy from reality in turn motivating his impulsive behavior and stripping him of his integrity. Shakespeare has Hamlet feign madness however, as a result of his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s murder, the obsession to plot revenge on Claudius, and the neglectedRead MoreHamletÃ¢â¬â¢s Madness in Craft Essay868 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIn Act I, Scene V, after hearing the ghostÃ¢â¬â¢s demand for revenge, Hamlet says in advance that he will consciously feign madness while seeking the opportune moment to kill Claudius. Therefore, it is hard to conclude that he coincidentally became insane after making such a vow. HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s supposed madness not only becomes his way of relating to the other characters during the majority of the play, but also that which develops his character as throughout the play. Still, the question remains: Is HamletRead Mor e HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s Madness in Craft Essay887 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIn Act I, Scene V, after hearing the ghostÃ¢â¬â¢s demand for revenge, Hamlet says in advance that he will consciously feign madness while seeking the opportune moment to kill Claudius. Therefore, it is hard to conclude that he coincidentally became insane after making such a vow. HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s supposed madness becomes his primary way of interacting with the other characters during most of the play, in addition to being a major device that Shakespeare uses to develop his character. Still, the question remains:Read MoreHamlets Madness: Feigned or Real Essay556 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s tragedy Hamlet, with its recurring question: Ã¢â¬Å"Is HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s madness feigned or real?Ã¢â¬ This question can only be answered through the portrayal of his character when he is associated with the other characters in the play. In ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s play Prince Hamlet pretends to insane or mad, in order to thwart and baffle those who prevent him in his quest for revenge. Hamlet poses a viable threat to Claudius throne whether sane or insane, and Hamlets supposed insanity provides justification for detrimentalRead MoreHamlets Madness in William Shakespeares Hamlet Essay937 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHamlets Madness in William Shakespeares Hamlet At any given moment during the play, the most accurate assessment of Hamlets state of mind probably lies somewhere between sanity and insanity. Hamlet certainly displays a high degree of mania and instability throughout much of the play, but his madness is perhaps too purposeful and pointed for us to conclude that he actually loses his mind. His language is erratic and wild, but beneath his mad-sounding words oftenRead MoreHamlet Madness In Hamlet1293 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesfirst thing that most teachers or professors point out is the argument/idea of sanity, specifically Hamlets sanity. I believe that Hamlet is, in fact, feigning his madness. What I do not know is if I believe this because it is what I was taught or if I came up with the idea myself based on my own interpretation. When I was taught Hamlet there was no argument it was just fact that he was faking his madness. Because of my confusion, I came to find that it may be interesting take out of the play any momentRead More Ophelia in William Shakespeares Hamlet Essay2759 Words Ã |Ã 12 PagesOphelia in William Shakespeares Hamlet Ã¢â¬Å"Follow her close, give her good watch, I pray youÃ¢â¬ (IV.5.73). Ostensibly, ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Hamlet is the riddling, enigmatic, inscrutable theatrical character par excellence. His motives, madness, conflicting morals and existential struggles are ambiguous to say the least. When analysing his character, Laertes and Fortinbras are often brought in as examples of less extreme characters dealing with similar but more tangible dilemmas. The idea thatRead MoreDear Friend Hamlet Essay947 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageshave been witness to your misery, triumph, and madness. IÃ¢â¬â¢m unable to tell if it was all an antic disposition? Or if were you really as insane as Ã¢â¬Ëthe sea and the wind,Ã¢â¬â¢ both contending to be mightier in the storm? (4.1.7-8). IÃ¢â¬â¢ve come to the realisation that not everything that meets the eye is as it appears. A series of lies and manipulation have unravelled before my very eyes, ending in blood shed. Blood that is on my hands as much as it is on HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s. As his closest confidant, our bond was knittedRead MoreEssay on Hamlets Antic Disposition1487 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesHamlets Antic Disposition Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã In William Shakespeares famous tragedy Hamlet, the main character of the story is one majestically elaborated, aside from being quite complex. There are infinite volumes written about this character because Shakespeare leaves no firm proof of many of his character traits. Yet on Hamlets antic disposition, meaning his obviously absurd temperament or madness, Shakespeare leaves plenty of reason to believe that it is feigned, meaning that it is simply a ploy
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
Alex Grass founded the Rite Aid chain in Scranton, Pennsylvania in September 1962 as a health and beauty store, originally called Thrift D Discount Center. Grass was an attorney and came into retailing on accident. Grass grew up in a family that struggled with money throughout their lives. He grew up during the Depression, so his family went through a lot of tough times. Grass attended The University of Florida Law School and then went on to marry into a wealthy family. Soon he went to work for his father-in-laws grocery distribution company where he served as chairman and chief executive officer. As Grass was working for this company, he noticed the scarcity of health and beauty stores so he decided to open his first store specializing inÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦During this same year, Rite Aid gained pharmacy benefits manager PCS Health Systems. In 2007, Rite Aid merged with with Brooks Eckerd Pharmacy and added over 1,500 stores. In 2015, it obtained pharmacy benefits manager Envision Pharmaceutical Services for around two billion dollars. Rite-Aid has an extensive history of store expansions. Throughout the first ten years of store openings, Rite Aid had expanded to two-hundred and sixty-seven locations over a span of ten states. In 1983, the company received one billion dollars in sales. In 1987, Rite Aid gained Gray Drugs, which increased their store locations to four hundred twenty across eleven states. Eventually, Rite Aid would become the biggest drugstore chain within the United States, with over two thousand stores total. Rite Aid continued to grow after that, once again increasing how many stores they had to around four thousand after several more acquisitions. Some of theses acquisitions included ReadÃ¢â¬â¢s Drug Store, HookÃ¢â¬â¢s Drug store, Lane Drug store, Harco, and Perry Drug Store (which had two hundred twenty four stores), and Thrifty PayLess (which had a total of one thousand stores). The Thrifty PayLess acquisition included the Bi-Mart membership discount store chain, which Rite Aid ended up sel ling in 1998 gaining more profits. Rite Aid has been around for many years and has accumulated many strengths,Show MoreRelatedSame Sex Marriage (Debate Paper)4727 Words Ã |Ã 19 Pagesby pagan religions, particularly sects of the Mother Goddess Cybele (imported from Asia Minor). The bride is a transvestite only for the duration of this ceremony, for in a deeply religious sense he has temporarily become the goddess at these holy rites. Many ancient writers, such asÃ Strabo and Athenaeus, wrote that theÃ Gauls or CeltsÃ commonly practiced homosexuality. Aristotle wrote that the Celts Ã¢â¬Å"openly held in honor passionate friendship between males.Ã¢â¬ Diodorus Siculus wrote thatRead MoreCvs: the Web Strategy2712 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesMarketing Channels WRITTEN GROUP CASE ASSIGNMENT CVS: The Web Strategy This case is about CVS, one of the biggest drugstore chains in the US. The Harvard case study was made between 1999 and 2001, while CVS was facing the major challenge of acquiring Soma.com and relaunching it as CVS.com, in order to respond to the new trend of web-based drugstores like Drugstore.com and Planet Rx. Our report will summarize the evaluation and analysis of the firmÃ¢â¬â¢s existing distribution channel at the timeRead MoreWalgreens Essay2126 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesHistory  Company history A typical Walgreens Pharmacy. The Walgreens chain began in 1901, with a drug store on the corner of Bowen Ave and Cottage Grove, Chicago, Illinois, United States owned by Galesburg native Charles R. Walgreen, Sr. By 1915, there were five Walgreen drugstores. He added several improvements to the stores such as soda fountains and luncheon service. He also began to make his own line of drug products and was then able to control the quality of the items and sellRead MoreFactors That Influence The Stability Of A Society1799 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesThe global economic chain twists more and more tightly. A country s economic development depends more and more from the global economics. In addition to the national interests, the common regional interests and global interests significantly increased in this worldwide society, Interests integration is beneficial to the improvement of relations between countries. WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s more, coordination and cooperation between countries becomes much more frequent than before. Diffe rent union appears constantlyRead MoreEssay on Cvs Case Study5064 Words Ã |Ã 21 Pagesbusiness partner Ralph Hoagland in Lowell, Massachusetts. CVS began the operation of its first stores with pharmacy departments in 1967, opening locations in Warwick and Cumberland, Rhode Island. In 1984, CVS/pharmacy became the 15th largest pharmacy chain in the U.S. with 408 stores and $414 million in sales. With growing success CVS decided to acquire a web based startup company, Soma.com, the first major online pharmacy, for $30 million in stock. The web site, soon rebranded CVS.com, enabled customersRead MoreIntroduction to the World of Retailing4882 Words Ã |Ã 20 PagesComprehension 6. (p. 7) A(n) ______________ is a set of firms that make and deliver a given set of goods and services to the ultimate consumer. A. supply chain B. buying network C. trade association D. integrated wholesale network Difficulty: Easy Type: Definition 7. (p. 7) A retailer s role in a supply chain is to: A. act as the liaison between manufacturers and wholesalers B. buy merchandise exclusively from the manufacturers C. negotiate with manufacturers to eliminateRead MoreCountry Notebook for South Korea7606 Words Ã |Ã 31 Pageswhile a Communist-style government was installed in the north (the DPRK). During the Korean War (1950-53), US troops and | UN forces fought alongside soldiers from the ROK to defend South Korea from DPRK attacks supported by China and the Soviet Union. An armistice was signed in 1953, splitting the peninsula along a demilitarized zone at about the 38th parallel. Thereafter, South Korea achieved rapid economic growth with per capita income rising to roughly 17 times the level of North Korea. InRead MoreSustainable Solutions11923 Words Ã |Ã 48 PagesRunning head: SUSTAINABLE SOLUTIONS 1 Sustainable Solutions Paper Katherine Kem DBA Strategy Dr. Robert Hockin, Instructor February 21, 2010 Running head: SUSTAINABLE SOLUTIONS Sustainable Solutions Paper Walmart has some of the best supply chain methods in the market, and is working to become an industry leader in sustainability. Despite this, there is much criticism of this Ã¢â¬ËgiantÃ¢â¬â¢, and an in-depth look of their organization from a sustainable lens will review their successes, failures andRead MoreTarget Strategic Audit Essay15491 Words Ã |Ã 62 Pagessought after. Gregg Steinhafel has been critical to TargetÃ¢â¬â¢s success in coming out of the recession and strengthening the brand image of Ã¢â¬Å"Expect more, Pay lessÃ¢â¬ , encouraging a culture of innovation and team work as well as implementing strong supply chain initiatives. B. Top Management Gregg Steinhafel (Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer) Timothy R. Baer (Executive Vice President, General Counsel and Corporate Secretary) joined Target as assistant general counsel in 1994 and wasRead MoreThe Emergence of the Fast Fashion Business Model and Imposed Quick Response Challenges for Chinese Fabric Manufacturers14773 Words Ã |Ã 60 Pagesthe turn of the twenty-Ã¯ ¬ rst century into a business approach characterized by fresh fashions, shorter life cycles, and faster production, placing signiÃ¯ ¬ cant pressure for rapid delivery, quality products, and low prices for each segment of the supply chain in a highly competitive environment. Manufacturers must utilize dynamic capabilities to maximize their competitive advantages in their production strategies, business models, and activities toward achieving retailersÃ¢â¬â¢ fast fashion requirements. The
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Baguio City is home to many tourist spots and is a getaway of those living not only in Metro Manila, nearby lowlands but the entire Philippine populace. Established as the Summer Capital of the Philippines in 1903, Baguio City is the foremost tourist destination in the Philippines. Baguio City is blessed with a cool climate. We will write a custom essay sample on Baguio City Places of Interest or any similar topic only for you Order Now It averages 20C or 68F which is around eight degrees lower than those of the lowlands including Manila. This alone, is enough reason to drive people from nearby and far away cities and provinces to go up to Baguio. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s why even though itÃ¢â¬â¢s my fifth time to go in Baguio IÃ¢â¬â¢m still excited when our instructor finally told us that our 2-day educational tour will be in Baguio. Because still itÃ¢â¬â¢s my first time to go there not to do fundraising activity but to have fun and learning. Mention Baguio City, first few thoughts that came to my mind are pine trees, cool temperature, fresh vegetables, cultural and historical variety. So though IÃ¢â¬â¢m really sleepy because we departed early in the morning I canÃ¢â¬â¢t sleep because my classmate were so noisy and itÃ¢â¬â¢s a six-hour ride thatÃ¢â¬â¢s why I find ways to enjoy myself while were travelling. While travelling I can really justify how creative our Almighty God is. Baguio is a city in a high altitude, a plateau that we can have a good view of the surrounding scenery. As our van went higher up however, we came upon a zigzag road, and I couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t help but pray that we may arrive safely. More than the fear however, is the excitement of the place that we will go through. My adventure in Baguio is one that I shall never forget. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s why IÃ¢â¬â¢m recollecting now the pieces that are still vivid in my memory. Our first stop was LionÃ¢â¬â¢s head were it was located on the way to Baguio. We only took pictures there, and then we immediately went back to the van. Our second stop was The Philippine Military Academy Ã¢â¬â the national training school for future officers of the Armed Forces of the Philippines. We also have few minutes there thatÃ¢â¬â¢s why we directly took pictures then go! Next stop was Mines View Park where a spectacular panorama awaits us. The stunning creation around is overwhelming and for touristÃ¢â¬â¢s to get a closer look of the vicinity, they can rent binoculars. But for usÃ¢â¬ ¦ hmmmÃ¢â¬ ¦ anyway we took pictures wearing Igorot clothes. And also Baguio souvenir items and other local products are available near the view deck. So after we took pictures since the time was too short we went back to the van then go! Then we went to the so called Ã¢â¬ËMalacanang of the NorthÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â The Mansion at Baguio Wright Park. It is used as the official summer residence of the President of the Philippines. Entry to the com pound is restricted. So we only view the Mansion through its gate which is patterned after that of LondonÃ¢â¬â¢s Buckingham Palace. Then again without wasting time we took pictures then we go! We had our lunch at SM Baguio. After that we precede to the Bell Church- a Chinese temple. One of the adorable and memorable spots in Baguio City for me was the Bell Church. This temple provides a peaceful, serene and refreshing atmosphere to Chinese people who want to meditate and reflect on their spiritual lives. In addition, the site has attractive features that reflect the history and culture of Chinese people. Baguio Bell Church has two well-crafted dragon structures at its entrance. It also features a wishing pond where I throw coins as I say my wishes because they said it will really happen. Also at the entrance of the temple is a Taoist leader who predicts future events. Then after taking pictures, we immediately went back to the van and go! Our next stop was strawberry farm. If a delightful dessert ends a sumptuous meal, the sweetest way to conclude a Baguio trip is through strawberry picking! This is a fun activity for everyone but unfortunately we didnÃ¢â¬â¢t do it due to the bad weather. So instead of picking we only bought strawberries and since there were also some souvenirs like key chains we also bought as our Ã¢â¬Å"pasalubongÃ¢â¬ . And itÃ¢â¬â¢s really amazing because this province was once recognized by the Guinness Book of World Records for baking the largest strawberry cake. Ooppss!Ã ItÃ¢â¬â¢s not yet done. Our last destination was Burnham Park. This place was my favorite, I really enjoy and IÃ¢â¬â¢m not worrying or thinking about time. So when our teacher gave us three hours to do what we want, together with my classmate I do boating and I can say that I really-really enjoy though itÃ¢â¬â¢s embarrassing because we donÃ¢â¬â¢t know how to move the boat, still I will treasure this moment. After boating, we rode bike and again with the cool climate and good scenery, I enjoy biking. The view was really good Ã¢â¬â tall pine trees, color flowers Ã¢â¬â and the air was so fresh I really wished I could take it back home! After we had dinner in SM Baguio, we go back in La Union. So in second day we did food raising for our food at the beach. I can say that swimming there was refreshing where it wash out for a while my worries and problems. So while others were cooking, we were playing. So in that time I can say that Sophies (sophomores) were really unitedÃ¢â¬ ¦.. heheheheheÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦ Though there were lots of circumstances or problems that came during our educational tour, I was still happy because we did some fun, had learning to share and the most important was that were complete when we return in IPLC. While travelling as I watched the creation of GOD and counted once more the many blessings God has given me, things I often took for granted, things many people like me ignore. Everyday, the world seems to tell us so many things we should grieve about. There were so many reasons why we should not be happy. But why dwell on these things? If the world asks us why we should be happy, let us ask the world, Ã¢â¬Å"Why not? Ã¢â¬ How to cite Baguio City Places of Interest, Essay examples
Friday, May 1, 2020
Questions: 1.In the preparation of a strategy for the region, the Actuate Identified that the approach must be publicized and not sport, or technical led. What does this mean? Why would a public led strategy work for motor racing? 2.In the light of your understanding of a strategic sports management process. What kind of Competitive Strategy has been adopted by the FIA and by the ACTUATE? 3.In order to understand where growth can come from in a strategy, the sport manager must analyze its product offering. SANZAR have two distinct products, the tri-nations and the super rugby competitions. Describe each of the products in the portfolio in terms of their potential market share and growth opportunities. 4.For SANZAR the idea of expanding the franchises into American and Canada has also been a consideration. What are the opportunities and threats that exist for super rugby when entering the North America Market? 5.Continued expansion may dilute the competition. Can you suggest reasons why this might happen to SANZAR? Answers: 1.By working on publicizing the motor sport in the Middle east. The entity was looking at ways that the sport can be looked at as a form of entertainment and being able to attract revenue all around the world. As was realized by the two entities, motorsport is one of the highly viewed sport in the middle east(Hoye, et al., 2005). The sport is becoming more popular, this calls for the need to attract international interest in the sport. If this is done well, the motor sport can be used to attract revenue in the middle east and also promote the middle east nations as tourist destinations(O'Connor, 2011). The middle east has some of the best formula one race circuits in the world which means that the gulf is going to be one of the most significant places in the motorsport industry. motorsport is thus one of the most successful businesses that the nations in the middle east can invest in, this is because the countries comprise of a population of more than 175 million, making it one of th e most attractive places to publicize the sport as entertainment, as a sport and as a business venture(Foley, et al., 2012). 2.For the entities to be able to compete in a global world, several strategies have been put in place to publicize motorsport in the middle east. The competitive strategies used by the organisation include: ensuring that the government provides financial, material and logistics support which is very important for the future of motorsport initiatives that are driven technically and fan driven. There is also efforts in developing the grassroots motor sports, which is one of the main focus for the entity and other national authorities in the region(Foley, et al., 2012). The entity also invests a lot in research and development to monitor the progress of the sport in the region and follow some of the emerging trends in spectatorship and participation. Other areas that have been put in consideration include expansion of motorsport clubs that are done by staging some of the national and international events in the region. The entity also encourages the participation of local drivers, sports managers and volunteers in most if their events. This ensures that the sport becomes more popular among the locals who will be responsible in expanding the need for more people to join in the sport. Having ensured that the countries have some of the best circuits in the world, ensures that there are world motorsports events held every years(Hoye, et al., 2005). The entity also collaborates with international media to ensure that the sport is aired on live television among other partnerships with companies and advertising clients. 3.The tri-nations portfolio comprises of three countries; South Africa, Australia and New Zealand which is the most financially successful rugby union competition from the southern hemisphere. The tri-nations product was invented so as to govern the to govern the competition more professionally and maintain independence from other individual rugby union associations of the rest of the nations. This was more of an expansion strategy in the region. The super rugby on the hand is a separate product from the original competition of the three nations. The super rugby consist of 12 competing teams(Meiklejohn, et al., 2016). This is different from tri-nations which focusses on the countries and not the teams. The super rugby organizes events based on 12 franchised teams from the three countries. Here it is the national rugby unions that serve as the governing agency, however the franchised teams each have their own popularity. 4.One of the opportunities that SANZAR has in expanding to the new markets in America and Canada is that the countries have been attraction for rugby meaning they are able to compete in the super rugby with different possibilities. On the field of competitiveness, the two countries present teams that can compete favorably in the super rugby events. In this regard, the union is able to increase popularity for the event and add on revenue collected for the teams. This is because of a strong commercial program that comes with expansion through broadcasting and other commercial functions which will support teams and drive more revenue and the SANZAR organisation(Hull, 2013). The most possible threat for the union is that there is bound to be political interference with the expansion of the sport. One of the reason this can happen is that the countries like Canada already have their own unions that run country events. This means that if SANZAR is to expand then they will have to run their operations under this jurisdiction. North America could also consider linking up with Argentina in terms of operational sport to form their own games and reject the SANZAR offer. There is bound to be conflict of interest with the IRB which run international events due to fight for revenue and viewership in Northern America 5.One of the reasons expansion might dilute completion for the sport is that the sport may not be able to attract as it is doing in the three nations. Having to expand to other nations will mean rugby fans may prefer to watch international events and focus less in the popularly formed three nations event. In the end , the tri-nations or super rugby events may not attract payment as it currently doing. Second tier competitions are usually difficult when it comes to attracting revenue necessary to cover for rugby logistics. This means that the super rugby events will only be successful if they are maintained as they are(Anderson Jackson, 2013). References Anderson, L. Jackson, S., 2013. Competing loyalties in sports medicine: Threats to medical professionalism in elite, commercial sport. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 48(2), pp. 238-256. Foley, M., McGillivray, D. McPherson, G., 2012. Policy pragmatism: Qatar and the global events circuit. International Journal of Event and Festival Management, 3(1), pp. 101-115. Hoye, R., Smith, A. C., Nicholson, M. Stewart, B., 2005. Sports Management: Principles and Applications. 4 ed. New York: Routledge. Hull, J., 2013. Exclusive: SANZAR CEO Greg Peters Talks Super Rugby Expansion. [Online] Available at: https://bleacherreport.com/articles/1548690-exclusive-sanzar-ceo-greg-peters-talks-super-expansion [Accessed 2 April 2017]. Meiklejohn, T., Dickson, G. Ferkins, L., 2016. The formation of interorganisational cliques in New Zealand rugby. Sport Management Review, 19(3), pp. 266-278. O'Connor, 2011. Sport Consumers in the Middle East: Motorsport in the UAE. CHOREGIA, 7(1), pp. 76-94.